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Learning Disorders: A Toolbox of Strategies

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1.  Which of the following can occur along with learning disabilities?
  1. Depression
  2. Co-morbid conditions such as ADD and anxiety
  3. Social anxiety and fear of making mistake
  4. All of the above
2.  This sub-group of learning disorders specifically affects the way the brain processes written and spoken language.
  1. Auditory processing disorder
  2. Dysgraphia
  3. Dyslexia
  4. Visual processing disorder- not otherwise specified
3.  During assessment, your second grade student exhibits difficulty with writing letters, copying from the board, and often spills drinks and other liquids. His body awareness is poor. Based on this, you suspect his primary learning disorder is:
  1. Dyslexia
  2. Dyspraxia
  3. ADHD
  4. Dyscalculia
4.  Which are accommodations that might be suggested for a student with learning disorders?
  1. Adding kinesthetic (movement) when learning
  2. Providing visual supports and checklists
  3. Obtaining a second set of textbooks for use at home
  4. All of the above
5.  The Kinesthetic Learner can be best described by which of the following:
  1. Learns best when using pictures and models
  2. Prefers to participate in activities and move in order to learn concepts
  3. Uses their "mind's eye" to learn
  4. Music and rhythms are their preferred method of learning
6.  What is working memory?
  1. Holding, processing, and manipulating information
  2. Discrepancy between what information the student knows vs. what he shows when writing or testing
  3. The process of rhyming and pronouncing words
  4. Formation of memory associated with olfactory information
7.  There are many types of learning disabilities, dysgraphia is characterized by:
  1. Inability to pay attention to the task at hand
  2. Trouble in the area of written expression
  3. Difficulty reading aloud, and trouble matching letters on a page with the sounds they make
  4. All of the above
8.  When considering sensory learning/processing, which of the following is NOT true?
  1. Many students need to move in order to regulate their systems and for optimal learning.
  2. Adding movement breaks to the classroom is helpful.
  3. Sitting still and being quiet is best practice.
  4. Using multi-modes of sensory teaching can enhance student learning and retention.
9.  Social skills are often affected when a person has learning disorders. What specifically may require extra support?
  1. Non-verbal communication
  2. Idioms such as, 'It's raining cats and dogs'
  3. Sarcasm and humor
  4. All of the above
10.  What are possible causes of learning disorders?
  1. Poor pre-natal care or using illicit substances such as alcohol when pregnant
  2. Head injuries, concussions, or traumatic brain injuries
  3. Genetics
  4. All of the above

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