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Smart Wheelchairs

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1.  A smart wheelchair technology that is used as an accelerometer is:
  1. Wii Motion Plus
  2. Kinect camera
  3. Galvanic skin response sensor
  4. Wheel encoders
2.  Smart wheelchairs can be equipped to collect various data about drivers and their environments which assists the following
  1. Collision avoidance
  2. Navigation assistance
  3. Understanding driver wheelchair behaviors to assist training
  4. All of the above
3.  Smart wheelchairs can assist in the following ways, EXCEPT for
  1. Offering standardized quantitative assessment measures of driving performance
  2. Determining whether a potential driver should be operating a powered wheelchair
  3. Training and assisting to identify challenging driving tasks for a user
  4. Assisting with daily driving performance such with collision avoidance or navigation in crowed spaces
4.  When used as tools for assisted mobility, smart wheelchairs can have features that can assist with
  1. Parking in a crowded space
  2. Navigation through narrow corridors
  3. Obstacle detection and collision avoidance
  4. All of the above
5.  Which of the following are current research and practice gaps in powered wheelchair assessment and training?
  1. Assessment and training practices vary, and it is challenging to know what is evidence based and best practice
  2. It is difficult to determine which potential drivers may benefit from remedial driving training or from compensatory technology for driving performance
  3. All of the above
  4. None of the above
6.  Exclusion from the use of powered mobility devices in the pediatric population (when the child is unable to walk or use manual mobility devices) might lead to loss in ability to:
  1. Independently explore the environment
  2. Learn cause and effect
  3. Socialize
  4. All of the above
7.  What are some skills (or the lack thereof) that are often cited as reasons for powered wheelchair exclusion in the geriatric population?
  1. Visual and visuo-perceptual skills
  2. Cognitive reasoning and decision making
  3. Both A and B
  4. None of the above
8.  How can smart wheelchairs potentially widen access to powered mobility for those with cognitive deficits?
  1. By compensating for decreased route planning, navigation, spatial awareness (semi-autonomous, or autonomous wheelchiars)
  2. By increasing the user's awareness (through assistive feedback)
  3. Both A and B
  4. None of the above
9.  For smart wheelchairs to ultimately benefit users, the following design considerations should be considered
  1. Similar to autonomous cars, smart wheelchairs should have autonomous driving functions
  2. Modular functions with a range of smart feature options to allow customization for users
  3. All of the above
  4. None of the above
10.  The adoption of smart wheelchairs will depend on
  1. Funding and policies related to access to technology
  2. Awareness and knowledge of clinicians who support access and use of powered wheelchairs
  3. Ability of clinicians, users and developers to collaborate to design solutions to real world issues of users
  4. All of the above

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