OccupationalTherapy.com Phone: 866-782-9924


What Are the Primary Causes of Asthma?

Nancy Nathenson, RRT

June 1, 2024

Share:

Question

What are the primary causes of asthma?

Answer

Asthma, a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, is influenced by a complex interplay of genetic predisposition and environmental exposures. Understanding the multifaceted nature of asthma causation is crucial for effective prevention and management strategies.

Genetic Factors:

A significant portion of asthma risk is attributable to genetic factors. Individuals with a family history of allergies or asthma are more likely to develop the condition themselves. The hereditary component of asthma is substantial, with studies indicating that a child has a 25% higher likelihood of developing asthma if one parent has the condition and a 50% higher likelihood if both parents are affected. Specific genetic variations associated with asthma susceptibility have been identified, although the precise mechanisms through which these genes influence disease development are still being elucidated.

Environmental Factors:

Environmental exposures play a pivotal role in asthma development, particularly during critical periods such as pregnancy and early childhood. Maternal smoking during pregnancy, exposure to secondhand smoke, and air pollution have been implicated as significant risk factors. In utero exposure to these pollutants can adversely affect fetal lung development, predisposing the child to asthma later in life. Similarly, early childhood exposure to secondhand smoke, indoor allergens such as dust mites and pet dander, and outdoor air pollutants can exacerbate respiratory symptoms and increase the likelihood of developing asthma.

Premature birth and frequent respiratory infections during infancy can also contribute to lung damage and subsequent asthma risk. Occupational exposures to industrial dust, chemicals, and allergens represent another environmental risk factor, particularly for adults. Occupational asthma, triggered by workplace exposures, can manifest as a distinct form of the condition with its own set of diagnostic and management challenges.

 

This Ask the Expert is an edited excerpt from the course Understanding Asthma And Anaphylaxis In The Occupational Therapy Settingby Nancy Nathenson, RRT.

 

 


nancy nathenson

Nancy Nathenson, RRT

Nancy Nathenson is a respiratory therapist with over 35 years of experience, from ICU to rehabilitation. She delivers clinical education and training on disease management, prevention, new technologies, and patient safety to RTs and interdisciplinary teams, including nurses, therapists, EMS providers, and communities. Nancy is a Community Asthma and COPD Expert for the Allergy and Asthma Network. As a consultant, she translates research on evidence-based strategies to improve community and patient outcomes across the continuum of care, always including the important role of the family and caregiver.


Related Courses

Understanding Asthma And Anaphylaxis In The Occupational Therapy Setting
Presented by Nancy Nathenson, RRT
Video

Presenter

Nancy Nathenson, RRT
Course: #6315Level: Intermediate1 Hour
  'Very informative'   Read Reviews
This program aims to provide an overview of asthma and anaphylaxis management and prevention across all age groups. It will include the causes, impact, medications, monitoring, and essential patient self-management teachings. In addition, valuable resources and tools will be shared to help individuals manage asthma and anaphylaxis, including assessing control and reducing triggers in various environments.

Understanding Seizures And Epilepsy In The Occupational Therapy Setting
Presented by Nancy Nathenson, RRT
Video

Presenter

Nancy Nathenson, RRT
Course: #6318Level: Intermediate1 Hour
  'Great information that was presented clearly'   Read Reviews
An overview of seizures and epilepsy in children and adults will be discussed in this course. It will include the impact, causes, identification, management, and essential teachings for individuals, caregivers, and healthcare personnel. Biomedical and holistic interventions in the management of epilepsy will be discussed. In addition, valuable resources and tools in seizure and epilepsy management will be shared.

Healthy Transitions: An Opportunity For OT Intervention
Presented by Ingrid Provident, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA
Video

Presenter

Ingrid Provident, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA
Course: #6202Level: Intermediate1 Hour
  'Information was clearly provided and explained for OT practitioners to support clients experiencing life transitions in a healthy way'   Read Reviews
Transitions in life are a natural part of being human; however, navigating change isn’t always easy. Facing the unknown can sometimes cause feelings of stress, anxiety, fear, worry, or depression. Occupational therapists are uniquely qualified to assist people in navigating transitions at various stages of life.

Continued Conversations, The CE Podcast: Functional Goal Setting in Pediatrics
Presented by Patti Sharp, OTD, MS, OTR/L
Audio

Presenter

Patti Sharp, OTD, MS, OTR/L
Course: #4414Level: Introductory1 Hour
  'I think it would help to have a video of the participants to help keep me awake'   Read Reviews
This course reviews the role of goal-setting in occupational therapy practice. The presenter and host attempt to reconcile differences between their own professional experience with goal-setting, historical precedent, current practice, and current evidence-based recommendations.

Disability And Posture: Therapeutic Positioning Around The Clock
Presented by Tamara Kittelson, MS, OTR/L, ATP/SMS
Video

Presenter

Tamara Kittelson, MS, OTR/L, ATP/SMS
Course: #5956Level: Intermediate1 Hour
  'This course provides the learner with detailed scenario examples , visualw strategies, and techniques for performing comprehensive positioning for congenital pediatric postural conditions '   Read Reviews
Forces impacting the development of complex postural problems and destructive and healthy supported lying postures for persons with limited mobility will be discussed in this course.

Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. By using our site, you agree to our Privacy Policy.